Perhaps the most famous program ever broadcast in the history of radio.
Mercury Theater and Orson Welles became household words after the broadcast of H.G. Wells' War of the Worlds on October 30, 1938. Welles radical use of the radio medium to tell this story lead to national hysteria as people tuned into the middle of the program, which used fake news broadcasts, and believed that the Martian Invasion was really happening. People fled in panic from New Jersey. The authorities and CBS were jammed with hysterical phone calls. Deaths were reported. 6 million people had listened to the show: 1.7 million had believed it to be authentic news and 1.2 million had been genuinely frightened!